During the latter half of the 19th century vast deposits of diamonds and gold were discovered in south africa resulting in the founding of kimberley and johannesburg. History of apartheid in south africa the boer leaders louis botha jan smuts and j b m.
As leader of the south african party and first prime minister of the union of south africa general louis botha soon took the first repressive measures.
Brief history of south africa apartheid. 1948 the government policy of apartheid is adopted. This had a dramatic economic and political effect eventually leading to the anglo boer war between britain and the two boer republics 1899 1902. Apartheid officially became a way of life in south africa in 1948 when the afrikaner national party came into power after heavily promoting the racially stratified system.
1939 world war ii begins. Racial segregation sanctioned by law was widely practiced in south africa before 1948 but the national party which gained office that year extended the policy and gave it the name apartheid. In afrikaans apartheid means apartness or separateness more than 300 laws led to apartheid s establishment in south africa.
The segregation began in 1948 after the national party came to power. Apartheid in south africa was a direct result of racial inequality and imperialism in the 1900 s that led to extensive political social and economic struggles. By the middle of the 19th century the small refreshment post at the cape had grown into an area of white settlement that covered the whole of what is today the republic of south africa.
1934 the status of the union act declares south africa s independence from the united kingdom. Laws are passed to classify the population by race and segregate the land. The apartheid system robbed basic human rights from black colored and indian peoples including their rights to vote and gave them only small impoverished areas in which to live and work.
Translated from the afrikaans meaning apartness the national party np government s apartheid ideology called for separate development of different racial groups in south africa. The nationalist political party instituted policies of white supremacy which empowered white south africans who descended from. South africa serves as a valuable sea port for the allies.
A brief history of apartheid 1960 1994 for those who don t know apartheid literally means apartness in afrikaans. Hertzog were to play a dominant role in the country s politics for the next half century.